Uruguay – There is barely a gender gap among the most qualified workers

07, February

According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Uruguay has almost completely closed the wage gender gap in the ...

According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Uruguay has almost completely closed the wage gender gap in the segment of most qualified workers.

The report pointed out that “like in other countries, there are is a wage gender gap. Men are better paid than women in almost every educational level, though the gap has been reduced since 2009”.

“The wage gender gap is low between men and women with lower qualification, who have up to five years of education, and starts increasing from that level to the levels of superior education”, it states.

“In low and medium qualification levels, men earn around 20% more per hour than women. However, in 2015, the wage gender gap per hour had decreased significantly for the more qualified workforce, and it is currently close to zero (it was 1%)”, it adds.

The Fund explains that “in 2015, women’s wages per hour were similar to men’s” for the segment of people who have “14 to 21 years of education”.

After that, “the gap grows again, but the number of people who have 22 years of education or more is small and contributes very little to the global wages levels”.

“The contribution of women to the net per capita Gini Coefficient in Uruguay’s households is slightly negative. In other words, it decreases the Gini Coefficient. This decreasing effect was close to 0.4% during both years”.

The Gini Index measures the distribution of income and varies from 0 (income in equally distributed among everybody) to 1 (a single person concentrates the entire income).

Women’s labor participation has gone from 45% of working age female population to 55%, according to the IMF.

Source: El Pais